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IoT security challenges in India

IoT security challenges

Posted On: December 2, 2020

IoT market in India is expected to be valued at $9 billion with an installed base of 1.9 billion units by 2020. The increasing interest of industries in the implementation of IoT into their business to elevate operational efficiency is driving the growth of IoT in India. However, despite the increasing demand Indian enterprises are still running low in their ability to implement, operate, and finance IoT implementation due to several reasons. Other than the implementation, there are multiple security issues in IoT devices and networks that can lead to data breach or disruptive flow of data from origin to the platform. The security challenges that IoT systems pose, demands users to select a reliable and compatible architecture according to the business requirements to ensure secure flow of data and communication.

IoT security and implementation challenges in India

Internet availability

Reliable network connectivity is a major requirement for IoT to operate. IoT devices and solutions are dependent on the network speed and quality for seamless operations. In an infrastructure like India where the system is still in development, network connectivity in remote areas is still an issue for enterprises. Internet connectivity in cities is still better compared to remote areas where poor speed and connectivity is still an issue for IoT consumers. Due to the lack of established internet connectivity, there are huge chances of devices experiencing network failures that lay a risk for the security of the data.

Data security

Due to the limited capabilities of processing, storage, and memory in network-based video recording, devices are not capable of supporting encryption and other processing functions to transfer data securely from one platform to the other. It makes the recorded data more vulnerable to security attacks. The high cost of secure storage platforms like cloud is a factor that makes enterprises being more dependent on other ways of video storage. The cloud can provide better security with direct transfer of data from device to the platform in real-time.

Remote locations

Business sites situated at remote locations have to face network and connectivity challenges during IoT implementation and operation as the internet is still not available everywhere with the same speed. The functioning of IoT devices and solutions are dependent on the bandwidth. Due to the lack of reliable internet connectivity in remote areas, it becomes challenging for enterprises to access data and videos captured from the devices at different locations in real-time. Bad connectivity often leads to system failure that results in extended downtime of devices that poses various security threats.

Integration of products and platforms

Indian consumers are very selective in investing in hardware or upgrading the device with the latest. Integrating IoT applications with the right platform is required for a successful implementation. Lack of proper integration leads to various abnormalities in IoT functions and it fails to deliver efficient values to the consumers.

Strategic decisions

Enterprises often lack the ability to identify their business requirements to attain IoT. If the IoT-related choices and plans are made without considering or analyzing the needs can result in a failure. Business heads need to identify the use cases and areas in their business that they require IoT solutions for, to integrate the action plans with the right IoT architecture.


There are several factors such as sensors, analytics, network, and cloud that together make IoT implementation deliver optimum results. The deployment of IoT without identifying the overall impact leads to a failed system delivery. Due to the lack of skills and vendor support, enterprises are often not able to procure the right IoT architecture as per their business infrastructure.


Organizations today, regardless of industry and size can make IoT solutions a part of their business to elevate customer experience and efficiency through real-time data and analytics. Along with the values derived from IoT solutions, comes real security challenges that if not addressed properly can affect data privacy. And this is why the security architecture is the biggest concern for users while investing in an IoT system. Providing a scope to expand the capabilities of devices and systems selecting features that are compatible with the hardware and network can ensure robust security of data that is communicated through one platform to the other.